Islamic scholars call for redefining ‘jehad’

10 11 2008

Delink Muslims and terrorism: Sri Sri

KV Ramana
Monday, November 10, 2008 04:06 IST
Source: DNA

HYDERABAD: There is a need to redefine the word ‘jehad’ because it is being wrongly identified with terrorism, the Jamiat Ulama-i-Hind, the biggest congregation of Islamic scholars in the country, resolved on Sunday even as spiritual guru Sri Sri Ravi Shankar stressed on the need for delinking Muslims and terrorism.

Listing out a way to combat terror, the Art of Living preacher called for isolating terrorists. “Even if a person in our own family is indulging in terrorism, he should be isolated and expelled,” he said addressing a convention organised by Jamiat Ulama-i-Hind, which passed a resolution condemning terror.

“Jehad is permitted only to restore peace and is a fundamental right of a human being. Terrorism is a crime and in the eyes of the Quran and Islamic values, the biggest crime,” the resolution said.

“Terrorism invokes harassment, fear and killing of each other and suspends law and order and works to destroy social and political order. It is thus required to define jehad in its right perspective,” the resolution added.

The Jamiat discussed 21 resolutions, including those related to education to Muslims. The Islamic scholars resolved that Muslims should open schools and colleges that teach “only the existing modern syllabus along with special arrangements for providing education about religious studies”.

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PRESS RELEASE: Oslo Peace Conference, South Asia

15 04 2008

CONFERENCE ON SOUTH ASIAN CONFLICTS UNDERLINES SPIRITUALITY AND PEACE AS THE WAYS FORWARD

Look at Guruji’s Interview to the Norwegin TV network


Oslo, Norway. April 12, 2008: Bringing together top leaders, senior diplomats and experts from diverse backgrounds, a historic Conference on Peace and Reconciliation in South Asia concluded in the “peace capital” of the world today, calling for peaceful resolution of the unsettled issues and highlighting “spirituality” as a way forward.

The two-day Conference, which focused on the internal armed conflicts in South Asian nations of India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Nepal, was organized by ‘The Art of Living Foundation’ of spiritual guru Sri Sri Ravi Shankar and discussed possible solutions and ways and means to achieve them. Another aim of the initiative was to highlight the need to promote dialogue and evolve a consensus among the stakeholders to deal with the problems, which have together taken millions of lives in the last few decades.
Norway’s Special Envoy for the Peace Process in Sri Lanka Jon Hanssen-Bauer, Members of European Parliament Erika Mann and Nirj Deva and Aud Kvalbein, Deputy Mayor of Oslo were some of the prominent European speakers in the conference.

From Asia, Ramvichar Nitam, Home Minister of the Naxal insurgency-affected state of of Chhattisgarh and MDMK chief Vaiko represented India, while Sri Lankan perspective was presented by Arumugham Thondaman, Minister for Youth Empowerment and Socio-Economic Development ,Jayalath Jayawardhne, MP,Dr Rajiv Wijesinghe( Gen Secy. of the Peace Secretariat) and prominent Buddhist Monks Dr. Brahmanawatte Seevali Nayaka Thero, Deputy Secretary General, Sri Lanka Amarapura Mahanikaya and Dr Maduluvave Sobitha Nayaka Thero, Chief Incumbent of Nagavihara Kotte,. Besides, renowned experts, academics and members of The Art of Living Foundation from various nations also participated in the unique initiative.

“It is a humongous task to find harmony in diversity. We must continue to pursue the path of peace. Conflicts are bound to come and we have to make them a stepping stone to achieve the ultimate goal of global peace,” Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, the main motivation behind the initiative, said.

”Whether it is inter-religious conflict, or intra-religious conflict, or it is a conflict between communist or capitalist ideology, it all starts in the minds of people, in the hearts of people. When such conflict begins, they shut themselves for reasoning, prejudice overtakes, and communication goes haywire. It’s here we need to build the trust among the communities. Spiritual leaders, religious leaders, can play a bigger role in this” Sri Sri added.

“Through this conference, we appeal to Sri Lankan government, Liberation of Tamil Tigers Eelam (LTTE), Buddhist monks in China, Chinese government, Myanmar regime…everyone for peace and restraint, and to have a preference for coming to the table for resolution of issues,” the globally known Indian spiritual guru Sri Sri Ravi Shankar said in his concluding remarks.

During the course of the conference, a host of subjects such as ‘the role of civil society and the governments in conflict resolution’,’role of media in the conflict resolution’ and ‘Peace building in South Asia’ were discussed in detail. Separately, workshops on the Naxal insurgency problem in India, ethic Tamil strife in Sri Lanka and Burma were also conducted.

Deliberating upon the Tamil problem in Sri Lanka, top Norwegian peace negotiator Jon Hanssen-Bauer said: “The common understanding between the government and the LTTE has been that talks are aimed at finding a political solution that are acceptable to all communities in Sri Lanka. For Norway, any solution endorsed by the Sri Lankan people is of course acceptable to us.”
Participants also expressed concern at the existing situation in Sri Lanka . Mr Thondaman, minister from Sri Lanka said,”I am strongly of the opinion that there is no military solution. His Holiness Sri Sri Ravi Shankar has been preaching the attainment of inner peace for years, through yoga, meditation and stress relief. An individual at peace, within himself, he obviously influences the inner peace of other individuals around him.”

Buddhist Master Seevali Nayaka Thero said that today there is so much conflict happening and this is the time to think for both the Government and LTTE about how many lives are being lost because of this war. “In any place, in any country, only by war you cannot solve the problems. Only peace talks, and reconciliation, can solve the problem,” he added.

MDMK leader Vaiko speaking about Sri Lanka said,”a whole ancient race is about to be wiped out. I would appeal to the European Union to put pressure on the Sinhalese government to end its military offensive on the LTTE, ” ”Sri Sri Ravi Shankar has done a commendable job by convening this conference of this scale” he added.

Meanwhile, the conference also zeroed down on the problem of ‘Naxalism’, which has been identified as “the single largest threat to the internal security of the country” by Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in the past. The ultra-Left Naxal movement, which started in late 60s, today affects one-third of the total districts of India and has been responsible for killings of thousands of people in states battling the menace.

Explaining the government’s perspective, Home Minister of Chhattisgarh Ramvichar Nitam said that the problem also had a serious socio-economic aspect to it. He outlined various steps taken by the state government to bring the Naxal youth into the mainstream and counter the insurgency militarily.

On its part, the Art of Living Foundation has also taken a lot of initiative in educating youth in the affected districts about the importance of spirituality. Sri Sri Ravi Shankar has also persuaded the Naxalites for dialogue, and called upon them to give up violent means. Nirj Deva, Member of European Parliament, who conducted the workshop on Naxalism, said that he would take up the issue with fellow Parliamentarians and work towards increasing awareness and action in this regard.

Among other prominent participants were Khin Maung Win, Deputy Executive Director, Democratic Voice of Burma, Francois Gautier, Editor-in-chief, La Revue de I’lnde, Brahma Chellaney, Centre for Policy Research, India, Wasim Zaman, Director, CST for South and West Asia, United Nations Populations Fund and Sashi Raj Pandey from Nepal.




CONFERENCE ON SOUTH ASIAN CONFLICTS UNDERLINES SPIRITUALITY AND PEACE AS THE WAYS FORWARD

13 04 2008

Oslo meet favours spreading awareness on Naxal threat
courtesy: zee news
Oslo, April 12: Bringing together top leaders and experts from diverse backgrounds, a conference on peace and reconciliation in South Asia here has favoured efforts to spread awareness in Europe on the problem of Naxalism faced by India and ways to resolve it.

The conference, which focused on the internal armed conflicts in India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Nepal, concluded yesterday calling upon all the stakeholders to opt for peaceful means and restraint while dealing with their respective situations.

“The problem of Naxalism has grown exponentially in the past few years. It is being identified by the Indian government as the single most dangerous internal security threat and affects nearly one-third of the total districts,” Spiritual Guru Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, whose `The Art of Living Foundation` organised the meet, said.

“It is very important that it comes to the notice of international community, especially European nations, who can further help us in dealing with it,” he said.

“Also, through this conference, we appeal to Sri Lankan government, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), Buddhist monks in China, Chinese government, Myanmar regime…Everyone for peace and restraint, and to have a preference for coming to the table for resolution of issues,” the Indian spiritual guru said in his concluding remarks yesterday.

He insisted that in present circumstances, “spirituality” was the only option left for a credible, long-term solution to the problems.

Bureau Report

Attached Photo Captions:
Picture 1: Speakers, at the conference on Peace and Reconciliation in South Asia, with His Holiness Sri Sri Ravi Shankar. Sri Lankan minister Thondaman, MDMK leader Vaiko, European parliament members Erika Mann and Nirj Deva are seen. The two-day conference, held in Oslo, ended on late evening, April 11, 2008.
Picture 2: (From L to R ) Mr. Khin Maung Win, Deputy Executive Director, Democratic Voice of Burma, Norway, Rt. Rev. Dr. Brahmanawatte Seevali Nayaka Thero, Deputy Secretary General, Sri Lanka Amarapura Mahanikaya, Mr. Arumugam Thondaman, Minister for Youth Empowerment & Socio-Economic Development, Sri Lanka, His Holiness Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, Ms. Erika Mann, Member of European Parliament, Mr. Vaiko, General Secretary, The Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK), Tamil Nadu, India, Mr. Ramvichar Netam, Home Minister of Chhattisgarh, India at the at the two-day conference on Peace and Reconciliation in South Asia, Oslo, which ended on late evening, April 11, 2008.
Picture 3: Hundreds of people participate in the peace march organised by the Art of Living Foundation in Oslo on April 10 as a prelude to the two-day Conference on Peace and Reconciliation in South Asia.
Picture 4: His Holiness Sri Sri Ravi Shankar addressing the two-day conference on Peace and Reconciliation in South Asia in Oslo. The conference concluded on late evening, April 11, 2008




CONFERENCE ON SOUTH ASIAN CONFLICTS UNDERLINES SPIRITUALITY AND PEACE AS THE WAYS FORWARD

13 04 2008

Oslo meet favours spreading awareness on Naxal threat
courtesy: zee news
Oslo, April 12: Bringing together top leaders and experts from diverse backgrounds, a conference on peace and reconciliation in South Asia here has favoured efforts to spread awareness in Europe on the problem of Naxalism faced by India and ways to resolve it.

The conference, which focused on the internal armed conflicts in India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Nepal, concluded yesterday calling upon all the stakeholders to opt for peaceful means and restraint while dealing with their respective situations.

“The problem of Naxalism has grown exponentially in the past few years. It is being identified by the Indian government as the single most dangerous internal security threat and affects nearly one-third of the total districts,” Spiritual Guru Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, whose `The Art of Living Foundation` organised the meet, said.

“It is very important that it comes to the notice of international community, especially European nations, who can further help us in dealing with it,” he said.

“Also, through this conference, we appeal to Sri Lankan government, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), Buddhist monks in China, Chinese government, Myanmar regime…Everyone for peace and restraint, and to have a preference for coming to the table for resolution of issues,” the Indian spiritual guru said in his concluding remarks yesterday.

He insisted that in present circumstances, “spirituality” was the only option left for a credible, long-term solution to the problems.

Bureau Report

Attached Photo Captions:
Picture 1: Speakers, at the conference on Peace and Reconciliation in South Asia, with His Holiness Sri Sri Ravi Shankar. Sri Lankan minister Thondaman, MDMK leader Vaiko, European parliament members Erika Mann and Nirj Deva are seen. The two-day conference, held in Oslo, ended on late evening, April 11, 2008.
Picture 2: (From L to R ) Mr. Khin Maung Win, Deputy Executive Director, Democratic Voice of Burma, Norway, Rt. Rev. Dr. Brahmanawatte Seevali Nayaka Thero, Deputy Secretary General, Sri Lanka Amarapura Mahanikaya, Mr. Arumugam Thondaman, Minister for Youth Empowerment & Socio-Economic Development, Sri Lanka, His Holiness Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, Ms. Erika Mann, Member of European Parliament, Mr. Vaiko, General Secretary, The Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (MDMK), Tamil Nadu, India, Mr. Ramvichar Netam, Home Minister of Chhattisgarh, India at the at the two-day conference on Peace and Reconciliation in South Asia, Oslo, which ended on late evening, April 11, 2008.
Picture 3: Hundreds of people participate in the peace march organised by the Art of Living Foundation in Oslo on April 10 as a prelude to the two-day Conference on Peace and Reconciliation in South Asia.
Picture 4: His Holiness Sri Sri Ravi Shankar addressing the two-day conference on Peace and Reconciliation in South Asia in Oslo. The conference concluded on late evening, April 11, 2008




Indians and others march for global peace in Norway

10 04 2008

Oslo, Apr 10 {PTI} Hundreds of people, including many Indians, braved the chilly winds and rain for a symbolic march to the Nobel Peace Centre here today to highlight the cause of global peace and amity.

Holding huge placards with messages for harmony, the participants in the march organised by a major Indian humanitarian organisation, drew a lot of attention as they walked through the lanes of the downtown in the capital of the nation which is often accredited with maximum peace initiatives by any country.

”We may be far from India, where the problem of Naxalism is growing, or from Sri Lanka where a three decade war is still on, but we feel the need for global peace is maximum today and therefore, wherever possible, it has to be highlighted,” Pragyan, a member of The Art of Living Foundation, which organised the march said.

Beginning from Youngstorget, the marchers held candles in their hands and carried on a silent 3 km walk across major markets where many of the onlookers joined them.

”I know about the problems many of the South Asian countries are going through. I feel Norway should involve itself more actively there,” said Kearre Bernard, a local who was among the marchers. He insisted that Oslo must also try and play a major part in resolution of Kashmir issue between India and Pakistan, which has been ”a major problem for the last 60 years, and has led to three wars.”

Swami Sadyojatah, who led the march, emphasised that spirituality could play a great role in dealing with the armed conflict situations around the world.

”While political solutions can be searched for, spirituality can really influence people at individual levels, making the possibility of peace more likely”, he said.

The marchers eventually assembled at the Nobel Peace Centre and placed the candles at its gate, resolving to pursue the cause and spread awareness about it.

The march was organised as a prelude to a two~day conference on Peace and reconciliation in South Asia, which will begin later in the day. Many Indian leaders including MDMK chief Vaiko, Chhattigarh Home Minister Ramvichar Netam and spiritual guru Sri Sri Ravi Shankar would take part in the conference, which would also have senior ministers from Sri Lanka expressing their views on the ethnic problem. PTI GD





The Naxalsim menace

19 02 2008

The RED Terror

A PROJECT ON NAXALITES

FACT India has commissioned a new exhibition on Maoist Terrorism, what the PM of India says as “the single largest threat to India” naxalism.

The Exhibition features the Maoist, leftwing Ultras the problem of what has come to be known as Naxalism a movement which started off as a small uprising of people in Naxalbari an unknown village in west bengal to a blodywar that lost its ideology.

The objective is to portray the sufferings and danger that the leftwing ultras, Naxalism is bringing to the people of India. The unity and sovereignty of India needs to be protected. The fact that gun can never be the only solution needs to be highlighted. Socio-economic development can be an effective solution along with a strategy for maintaining Law and Order. The efforts of Non Governmental organisations in disarming people with dangerous violent ideologies is an important factor. The ancient techniques such as pranayama can also help to bring this people around, as a few spiritual organizations have already proved… for example the Art of Living Foundation. There is a subtle manner the Naxalites operate in extremely poor areas exploiting the poverty, ignorance and lack of governmental presence.

The exhibition will :

1) demonstrate graphically and with statistics the widespread presence of Naxalites in India (along with a brief on how they may link to Maoists in Nepal) and

2) What we can do/what has already been done to bring them around.

We plan to do this project in three stages:

1) A travelling exhibition with about 40 panels with captions and text blended with photographs realtime and the statistical analysis.

  1. A film, which will be shown during the exhibition and can be made into a documentary for television channels

  2. If both these are successful, we can envision doing a book on Naxalites with text and photos, whose angle will be historical and academic and that will aim at becoming the reference book for journalists/academics on Naxalism. Book will have to be funded by a publisher.

Format of the exhibition

1) Statistics

2) photos showing havoc created by Naxalites (recent, attack on innocent civilians like the one on marraige party CPRF camp in UP, escape from jail etc)

3) portraits of famous/notorious naxalites/most wanted

4) A history of Naxalism

5) film/archives footage on naxalites and on regions where they operate (AP, UP, Bihar etc)

6) A detailed brief on firearms/explosives they employ and how they procure them

7) The red corridor (dandakaranya), from Nepal to Tamil Nadu.

How you could also help behind the scenes:

  1. Volunteer for the cause

  2. Help us to generate high publicity inaugurations

  3. Help us Spread the word

  4. Contribute to the cause in cash / kind

The estimated budget of the project. Rs 700,000/-

Here we have been working on a series of issues on Naxalism and the havoc it has created over the years on the Indian populace.

Naxalism: A threat to the Unified Nation of India

“Its (Maoism’s) purpose is to destroy an existing society and its institutions and to replace them with a completely new structure.”

– Mao Tse-Tung

Maoism a.k.a Naxalism

Naxalism is flourishing in a vacuum created by the total inadequacy of administrative, political and social institutions in certain areas. Issues related to land-reforms, education, health, hygiene, etc have remained un-addressed since hundreds of years.

Well-educated Naxalite leaders have taken advantage of the grave dissatisfaction among the poor and uneducated population by offering them an alternative way to growth and development.

The Genesis

The Naxal Movement began as a violent peasant uprising against the landlords at Naxalbari village, West Bengal on 25th May, 1967.

It began under the leadership of revolutionary communists Charu Mazumdar and Kanu Sanyal. On 22nd April, 1969, they formed the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist).

Above: 9th Unity Congress, January, 2007.

The Present Day

Today, there are many Maoist parties and organizations that either predate the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) or emerged from factions when the CPI-ML split after the death of Charu Mazumdar.

Communist Party of India (Maoist) is the largest Maoist rebel group with operations in over 9 states and strong relations with Nepal’s Maoists.

Article 19 of its Party Constitution clearly states: “Every member must be ready to participate and play a vanguard role in class struggle in the form of armed agrarian revolutionary war.”

The Naxal Havoc

Chhattisgarh

15th March, 2007

Maoist rebels massacred 16 officers of the Chhattisgarh Armed Force (CAF), 39 Special Police Officers (SPO’s) and injured 12 others at the Rani Bodli village.

Around 500 rebels attacked the camp, throwing grenades and petrol bombs and shooting people fleeing the burning buildings before escaping with weapons and explosives.

16th December, 2007

In a daring jailbreak, 299 prisoners including 110 naxalites escaped from the Dantewada Jail in Chhattisgarh. The naxals also snatched 6 rifles and a wireless set from the guards before they fled.

Jharkhand

27th October, 2007

Armed naxals massacred 17 people including a former Jharkhand chief minister’s son in the Chilkhari village of the state’s Giridih district.

Bihar

13th November, 2005

200 naxalites attacked the Jehanabad Jail, freed their comrades and assassinated leaders of the Ranvir Sena, the upper-caste militia. More than 300 prisoners made use of the opportunity to escape as the jail was under Maoist’s control for almost two hours.

Orissa

8th February, 2008

300 rebels, including 100 women, gunned down 6 policemen at a police reserve which houses an armoury, 4 others at a training school and 2 at Nayagarh police station in the heart of the town.

The naxals also took away over 1,200 state-of-the art firearms including 298 number of 303 rifles, 130 SLR rifles, 30 AK-47 rifles, 300 Insas rifles, 80 9-mm pistols, 203 escart rifles, and 1 lakh live bullets.

The rebels were within striking distance of the state capital, Bhubaneshwar, which is barely 100 km away.

The Naxal Havoc

Maharashtra

A 40 Sq. km area on the Maharashtra-Chhattisgarh border is considered a `Liberated Zone’ where even the police do not venture. There are around 25 villages in this zone. Naxalites hold military training camps here and even run an arms factory and a printing press.

16 of India’s 33 states have Maoists operating in them. This now affects 192 of India’s 602 districts.

The year gone by…

In 2007, till the end of November…

There were 1385 incidents of naxalite violence.

214 police personnel have been killed.

418 civilians have been killed.

Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand together accounted for 68.16% of the total incidents and 76.42% of the total casualties.

The year saw an increased use of Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) and Landmines by naxalites.

Naxal attacks on police and police establishments, killings of innocents and attacks on infrastructure (like rail and road transport and power transmission) continued to be reported.

The Declaration

1. Coordinate the people’s war with the ongoing armed struggles of the various oppressed nationalities in Kashmir, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur and other parts of the Northeast.

2. Build a broad UF (United Front) of all secular forces and persecuted religious minorities such as Muslims, Christians and Sikhs.

3. Build a secret party apparatus which is impregnable to the enemy’s attacks.

4. Build open and secret mass organisations amongst the workers, peasants, youth, students, women and other sections of the people.

5. Build the people’s militia in all the villages in the guerrilla zones as the base force of the PGA (People’s Guerrilla Army). Also build armed self-defence units in other areas of class struggle as well as in the urban areas.

The Future

“Taking the trends of the last five years, we can build a model of the security scenario for the year 2010. Over 260 districts, nearly half of India, would be Naxal affected where the government’s writ hardly runs.”

– Ajit Doval, Former Director, Intelligence Bureau

“The next ten to twenty years will witness massive political and social upheavals… Militant confrontation between the people and the state will become a general feature throughout the country”

– Muppala Lakshmana Rao, General Secretary, CPI (Maoist)

Links & Support

“Available reports suggest the continued fraternal and logistic (non-strategic) links between Communist Party of Nepal (Maoists) and Indian Naxal groups.”

– Sriprakash Jaiswal, Minister of State for Home Affairs

“(We will) turn the Countries of South Asia into a Strong Bastion of World Revolution!”
– Coordination Committee of Maoist Parties and Organizations of South Asia (CCOMPOSA), a coalition of 13 extreme-left parties of South-Asia

“Times have changed, and the CPI-ML (Liberation) has fielded as many as nine candidates in north Bengal this year.”—– Abhijit Mazumdar, son of CPI-ML co-founder Charu Mazumdar

Information sources:
www.naxalwatch.blogspot.com
www.satp.org
www.naxalrage.org
www.globalsecurity.org
www.india-defence.com
www.fas.org/
www.achrweb.org
www.mha.nic.in

FACT India field study
News papers

FACT India is a Registered Trust. Contributions are welcome and are exempt under Section 80 G of the IT Act. Please make cheques in favour of “FACT”.

FACT India
41, Jor Bagh, New Delhi 110 003, India.
Web.: www.fact-india.com





The Naxalsim menace

19 02 2008

The RED Terror

A PROJECT ON NAXALITES

FACT India has commissioned a new exhibition on Maoist Terrorism, what the PM of India says as “the single largest threat to India” naxalism.

The Exhibition features the Maoist, leftwing Ultras the problem of what has come to be known as Naxalism a movement which started off as a small uprising of people in Naxalbari an unknown village in west bengal to a blodywar that lost its ideology.

The objective is to portray the sufferings and danger that the leftwing ultras, Naxalism is bringing to the people of India. The unity and sovereignty of India needs to be protected. The fact that gun can never be the only solution needs to be highlighted. Socio-economic development can be an effective solution along with a strategy for maintaining Law and Order. The efforts of Non Governmental organisations in disarming people with dangerous violent ideologies is an important factor. The ancient techniques such as pranayama can also help to bring this people around, as a few spiritual organizations have already proved… for example the Art of Living Foundation. There is a subtle manner the Naxalites operate in extremely poor areas exploiting the poverty, ignorance and lack of governmental presence.

The exhibition will :

1) demonstrate graphically and with statistics the widespread presence of Naxalites in India (along with a brief on how they may link to Maoists in Nepal) and

2) What we can do/what has already been done to bring them around.

We plan to do this project in three stages:

1) A travelling exhibition with about 40 panels with captions and text blended with photographs realtime and the statistical analysis.

  1. A film, which will be shown during the exhibition and can be made into a documentary for television channels

  2. If both these are successful, we can envision doing a book on Naxalites with text and photos, whose angle will be historical and academic and that will aim at becoming the reference book for journalists/academics on Naxalism. Book will have to be funded by a publisher.

Format of the exhibition

1) Statistics

2) photos showing havoc created by Naxalites (recent, attack on innocent civilians like the one on marraige party CPRF camp in UP, escape from jail etc)

3) portraits of famous/notorious naxalites/most wanted

4) A history of Naxalism

5) film/archives footage on naxalites and on regions where they operate (AP, UP, Bihar etc)

6) A detailed brief on firearms/explosives they employ and how they procure them

7) The red corridor (dandakaranya), from Nepal to Tamil Nadu.

How you could also help behind the scenes:

  1. Volunteer for the cause

  2. Help us to generate high publicity inaugurations

  3. Help us Spread the word

  4. Contribute to the cause in cash / kind

The estimated budget of the project. Rs 700,000/-

Here we have been working on a series of issues on Naxalism and the havoc it has created over the years on the Indian populace.

Naxalism: A threat to the Unified Nation of India

“Its (Maoism’s) purpose is to destroy an existing society and its institutions and to replace them with a completely new structure.”

– Mao Tse-Tung

Maoism a.k.a Naxalism

Naxalism is flourishing in a vacuum created by the total inadequacy of administrative, political and social institutions in certain areas. Issues related to land-reforms, education, health, hygiene, etc have remained un-addressed since hundreds of years.

Well-educated Naxalite leaders have taken advantage of the grave dissatisfaction among the poor and uneducated population by offering them an alternative way to growth and development.

The Genesis

The Naxal Movement began as a violent peasant uprising against the landlords at Naxalbari village, West Bengal on 25th May, 1967.

It began under the leadership of revolutionary communists Charu Mazumdar and Kanu Sanyal. On 22nd April, 1969, they formed the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist).

Above: 9th Unity Congress, January, 2007.

The Present Day

Today, there are many Maoist parties and organizations that either predate the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) or emerged from factions when the CPI-ML split after the death of Charu Mazumdar.

Communist Party of India (Maoist) is the largest Maoist rebel group with operations in over 9 states and strong relations with Nepal’s Maoists.

Article 19 of its Party Constitution clearly states: “Every member must be ready to participate and play a vanguard role in class struggle in the form of armed agrarian revolutionary war.”

The Naxal Havoc

Chhattisgarh

15th March, 2007

Maoist rebels massacred 16 officers of the Chhattisgarh Armed Force (CAF), 39 Special Police Officers (SPO’s) and injured 12 others at the Rani Bodli village.

Around 500 rebels attacked the camp, throwing grenades and petrol bombs and shooting people fleeing the burning buildings before escaping with weapons and explosives.

16th December, 2007

In a daring jailbreak, 299 prisoners including 110 naxalites escaped from the Dantewada Jail in Chhattisgarh. The naxals also snatched 6 rifles and a wireless set from the guards before they fled.

Jharkhand

27th October, 2007

Armed naxals massacred 17 people including a former Jharkhand chief minister’s son in the Chilkhari village of the state’s Giridih district.

Bihar

13th November, 2005

200 naxalites attacked the Jehanabad Jail, freed their comrades and assassinated leaders of the Ranvir Sena, the upper-caste militia. More than 300 prisoners made use of the opportunity to escape as the jail was under Maoist’s control for almost two hours.

Orissa

8th February, 2008

300 rebels, including 100 women, gunned down 6 policemen at a police reserve which houses an armoury, 4 others at a training school and 2 at Nayagarh police station in the heart of the town.

The naxals also took away over 1,200 state-of-the art firearms including 298 number of 303 rifles, 130 SLR rifles, 30 AK-47 rifles, 300 Insas rifles, 80 9-mm pistols, 203 escart rifles, and 1 lakh live bullets.

The rebels were within striking distance of the state capital, Bhubaneshwar, which is barely 100 km away.

The Naxal Havoc

Maharashtra

A 40 Sq. km area on the Maharashtra-Chhattisgarh border is considered a `Liberated Zone’ where even the police do not venture. There are around 25 villages in this zone. Naxalites hold military training camps here and even run an arms factory and a printing press.

16 of India’s 33 states have Maoists operating in them. This now affects 192 of India’s 602 districts.

The year gone by…

In 2007, till the end of November…

There were 1385 incidents of naxalite violence.

214 police personnel have been killed.

418 civilians have been killed.

Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand together accounted for 68.16% of the total incidents and 76.42% of the total casualties.

The year saw an increased use of Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) and Landmines by naxalites.

Naxal attacks on police and police establishments, killings of innocents and attacks on infrastructure (like rail and road transport and power transmission) continued to be reported.

The Declaration

1. Coordinate the people’s war with the ongoing armed struggles of the various oppressed nationalities in Kashmir, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur and other parts of the Northeast.

2. Build a broad UF (United Front) of all secular forces and persecuted religious minorities such as Muslims, Christians and Sikhs.

3. Build a secret party apparatus which is impregnable to the enemy’s attacks.

4. Build open and secret mass organisations amongst the workers, peasants, youth, students, women and other sections of the people.

5. Build the people’s militia in all the villages in the guerrilla zones as the base force of the PGA (People’s Guerrilla Army). Also build armed self-defence units in other areas of class struggle as well as in the urban areas.

The Future

“Taking the trends of the last five years, we can build a model of the security scenario for the year 2010. Over 260 districts, nearly half of India, would be Naxal affected where the government’s writ hardly runs.”

– Ajit Doval, Former Director, Intelligence Bureau

“The next ten to twenty years will witness massive political and social upheavals… Militant confrontation between the people and the state will become a general feature throughout the country”

– Muppala Lakshmana Rao, General Secretary, CPI (Maoist)

Links & Support

“Available reports suggest the continued fraternal and logistic (non-strategic) links between Communist Party of Nepal (Maoists) and Indian Naxal groups.”

– Sriprakash Jaiswal, Minister of State for Home Affairs

“(We will) turn the Countries of South Asia into a Strong Bastion of World Revolution!”
– Coordination Committee of Maoist Parties and Organizations of South Asia (CCOMPOSA), a coalition of 13 extreme-left parties of South-Asia

“Times have changed, and the CPI-ML (Liberation) has fielded as many as nine candidates in north Bengal this year.”—– Abhijit Mazumdar, son of CPI-ML co-founder Charu Mazumdar

Information sources:
www.naxalwatch.blogspot.com
www.satp.org
www.naxalrage.org
www.globalsecurity.org
www.india-defence.com
www.fas.org/
www.achrweb.org
www.mha.nic.in

FACT India field study
News papers

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