A Hero for Modern India Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj

24 02 2008

vk/kqfud Hkkjr ds fy;s vkn’kZ egk uk;d N=ifr f’kokth egkjkt

^^D;k f’kokth ls Hkh c<+dj egkuk;d] muls Js”V HkDr vFkok ‘kkld gks ldrk gS\ f’kokth gekjs egku~ egkdkO;ksa ds tuekul esa izfrf”Br pfj=ksa ds leku Fks A os Hkkjrekrk ds vkn’kZ iq= vkSj jk”Vªh; psruk ds fo’kq) izfrfcEc Fks A mUgksaus yksxksa dks ;g crk;k fd vkus okys le; esa] tYn ;k nsj ls Hkh Hkkjr dk Lo:i D;k gksxk & ,d dsUnzh; ‘kfDr ds vUrxZr Lora= bdkbZ;ksa dk la?k**& Lokeh foosdkuUn

bl iznf’kZuh ds ek/;e ls Hkkjr ds bfrgkl esa f’kokth ds fof’k”B LFkku dks n’kkZus dk iz;kl fd;k x;k gS A ;g og le; Fkk tc fgUnqvksa ij ?kksj vR;kpkj gks jgs Fks] mUgsa vius gh ns’k esa vieku lguk iM+ jgk Fkk] mudh fL=;ksa dh lqj{kk lqfuf’pr ugh Fkh] mUgs xqyke cuk;k tk jgk Fkk] muds eafnj rksM+s tk jgs Fks] muds lkFk vusd izdkj dk HksnHkko cjrk tk jgk Fkk] muds /kkfeZd ioksZ o R;kSgkjksa ij ikcUnh yxk nh xbZ Fkh] eqx+y ‘kklu dh fgUnqvksa dks eqlyeku cukus dh uhfr ij [kqydj vey gks jgk Fkk] mu ij /kkfeZd dj ftft+;k yxk fn;k x;k Fkk vkSj ;g lc dqN gksrs gq, Hkh bldk [kqydj fojks/k djus dk dksbZ lkgl ugh tqVk ik jgk Fkk] tcfd ns’k esa fgUnqvksa dh la[;k 90% ls Hkh vf/kd Fkh A

,sls fodV le; esa f’kokth us] ftuesa vn~Hkqr ;ksX;rk vkSj nwjnf’kZrk Fkh] bl vU;k; iw.kZ O;ogkj ds fo:) la?k”kZ djus dk chM+k mBk;k ¼izn’kZ la- 3½ A f’kokth dk ,slk vn~Hkqr O;fDrRo Fkk fd lHkh NksVs&cM+s] lSfud&vlSfud] ifjfpr&vifjfpr muds iz’kald cu tkrs Fks vkSj muesa f’kokth ds izfr fu”Bk Lor% gh tkx`r gks tkrh Fkh A ^^LojkT;** LFkkfir djus ds vius dfBu mn~ns’; ds fy, mUgsa viuh ekrk thtkckbZ o larks ls izsj.kk izkIr gqbZ Fkh] ijUrq blds fy;s ;g vko’;d Fkk fd os fgUnqvksa dh lqIr vkRek o [kks, fo’okl dks txkosa vkSj mUgsa fn[kknsa fd eqx+yksa dh ‘kfDr dk lQyrkiwoZd izfrjks/k fd;k tk ldrk gS vkSj fonsf’k;ksa ds izHkqRo o eqfLye ‘kfDr;ksa ds fu;a=.k ls eqfDr gkfly dh tk ldrh gS A

f’kokth dks eqx+y ckn’kkgksa esa lcls ;ksX; ijUrq lkFk gh lcls dqfVy ‘kkld ls VDdj ysuh iM+h A bl izn’kZuh esa jax&fp=ksa] Ldsp] js[kkfp=ksa] ledkyhu nLrkost+kas o mu ij vk/kkfjr ys[kksaa ds ek/;e ls f’kokth dh Hkkjrh; bfrgkl esa vf}rh; Hkwfedk n’kkZus dk iz;Ru fd;k x;k gS vkSj og Hkwfedk Hkh ,sls le; esa Fkh tc os vdsys gh mu fouk’kdkjh izo`fRr;ksa ds f[kykQ tqV x, ftudk mn~ns’; Hkkjr dh lH;rk vkSj vk/;kfRedrk dks lnSo ds fy, feVk nsuk Fkk A okLro esa f’kokth dks gh bl ckr dk Js; tkrk gS fd if’peh o nf{k.k Hkkjr viuh igpku cpk ik, vkSj ejkBh o rkfey nksuksa gh bl ckr ds fy;s f’kokth o muds lSfudksa ds cfynku ds _.kh gS ftudh otg ls mudh le`) lkekftd] lkaLd`frd o /kkfeZd ijEijk,Wa cp ldha A mRrjh Hkkjr ds cM+s Hkkx ds ckjs esa ;g ckr ugha dgh tk ldrh tgkW 7oha&8oha ‘krkCnh esa vjc ns’k esa fu/kkZfjr ‘kfjvr ds funsZ’kksa dks Hkkjr esa 17 oha ‘krkCnh esa Fkksius dk iz;kl ,d ,sls ckn’kkg }kjk fd;k x;k tks blds n’kZu vkSj fl)kUrksa dk v{kj{k ikyu djus esa gh viuk /keZ ekurk Fkk A

;g izn’kZuh bl dkj.k Hkh le;ksfpr gS D;ksafd f’kokth esa os lc xq.k Fks tks bDdhloha ‘krkCnh ds Hkkjr es jktusrkvksa esa gksus pkfg;sa] vkSj ftudk vusd ckj muesa vHkko fn[kkbZ nsrk gS A f’kokth U;k;fiz;] nz.k fu’p;h vkSj fucZyksa ds j{kd Fks A os ;ksX; o bZekunkj iz’kkld Fks] os ‘k=q ds lkeus >qdus ds ctk; mldk lkeuk djrs Fks] os Hkkjr ekrk ds ije HkDr Fks] ftlesa mUgsa ekWa Hkokuh dk vkHkkl gksrk Fkk ¼izn’kZ la- 5½] os ‘k=q ds lkFk dBksj Fks ijUrq vU; ds lkFk] fo’ks”kdj fL=;ksa o cPpks ds izfr cgqr lân; Fks] os ladh.kZ /kkfeZd Hkkouk ls xzflr ugh Fks cfYd nksuks gh /keksZ ds lUrksa ds n’kZu ds fy, tkrs Fks vkSj fcuk fdlh HksnHkko ds efUnjks o efLtnksa ds j[kj[kko ds fy;s leqfpr O;oLFkk djrs Fks A

Hkkjr ds bl vuU; tu uk;d ds thou ds ckjs esa ;g izn’kZuh eqEcbZ QsDV }kjk vk;ksftr dh tk jgh gS A QsDV laLFkk u gh jktuhfr vkSj u gh fdlh /keZ vFkok xqV ls tqM+h gS A izkFkZuk gS fd f’kokth dh Hkkouk o ifo= vkRek iqu% Hkkjr esa Iyoeku gks vkSj ns’k dh mlds ‘k=qvksa ls j{kk djsa A

f’kokth dk tUe 10 vizy 1627 bZ- dks f’kousfj nqxZ ¼iq.ks ls 60 fdeh- mRrj½ esa gqvk Fkk A muds firk ‘kkgth Hkksalys o ekrk thtkckbZ us mudk uke f’kokth j[kk D;ksafd iq= izkfIr ds fy, mUgksaus LFkkuh; nsoh f’kokbZ ls izkFkZuk dh Fkh A ‘kkgth igys vgen uxj o ckn esa chtkiqj esa cM+s lkeUr jgs Fks A mudh tkxhj esa iwuk o caxyksj vkfn Fks A f’kokth o thtkckbZ iwuk dh tkxhj dh O;oLFkk laHkkyus ;gka vk x, A

vkjEHk esa ,d NksVs ls ^eaf=eaMy* ;k lykgdkj lfefr] ftlesa is’kok ‘kkejko uhydaB] et+qenkj ds in ij ckyd`”.k iUr] lcuhl j?kqukFk cYyky vkSj lksuksiar nkfcj Fks] ds ek/;e ls tkxhj dks O;ofLFkr djus dk dke ‘kq: fd;k x;k A 1644 bZ- es f’kokth us viuh tkxhj dk dke Lo;a laHkky fy;k vkSj bl izdkj ‘kq: gqvk ,d NksVs lsbykds ds ‘kkld ds :i esa f’kokth dk thou A thtkckbZ dh izsj.kk ls gh f’kokth es Lora=rk ds izfr izxk<+ yxko o ckgjh ‘kfDr;ksa dh v/khurk ds fo:) izcy Hkkouk tkx`r gqbZ A

16 o”kZ dh vk;q esa gh mUgksusa ,d Lora= fgUnw jkT; dh LFkkiuk djus dk iz.k fy;k A dqN le; ckn mUgksaus rksj.k nqxZ ij vf/kdkj dj fy;k tks chtkiqj ds vUrxZr Fkk vkSj 1647 bZ- es dksaM.k o jktx<+ nqxZ Hkh gLrxr dj fy;s rFkk iq.ksa ds vklikl ds {ks= ij iw.kZ LokfeRo LFkkfir dj fy;k A ‘kh?kz gh mUgksusa if’peh ?kkV o dksad.k ds rVorhZ bykdksa ij Hkh vf/kdkj dj fy;k vkSj chtkiqj dh lsuk dks iqjUnj ds fudV ijkftr fd;k A 1659 bZ- es mudh chtkiqj ds izeq[k lsukuk;d vQ+ty [kka ls ,sfrgkfld HksaV gqbZ ftlds rqjUr ckn mUgksaus chtkiqj dh lsuk dks ijkLr fd;k vkSj iUgkyk fdys rd ds {ks= ij vf/kdkj dj fy;k A 1659 bZ- esa mUgksaus chtkiqjh lsuk dks dksYgkiqj ds fudV iqu% ijkLr fd;k A 1660 bZ- esa ;|fi os iUgkyk esa cqjh rjg f?kj x, Fks ijUrq os ogkWa ls cp fudys ¼izn’kZ la- 8½ vkSj dqN fnu ckn iUgkyk ij mudk iqu% vf/kdkj vkSj chtkiqj ds lkFk ;q)&fojke gks x;k A vxys nks o”kksZ esa mUgksaus xqfjYyk&;q)&iz.kkyh }kjk chtkiqj vkSj eqx+yksa ds vusd bykdksa ij vf/kdkj dj fy;k ijUrq 1661&1663 bZ- es vusd foftr bykds muds gkFk ls fudy x, vkSj 1665 bZ- esa f’kokth us fLFkfr dks ns[krs gq, vkSjaxts+c ds lqizfl) lsukuk;d vkesj ds egkjktk t;flag ds lkFk iqjUnj dh laf/k dj yh A ¼izn’kZ la[;k 14½ A os vkxjk tkus ds fy, Hkh rS;kj gks x, tgkWa mUgksaus eqx+y njckj esa vius xkSjoiw.kZ O;ogkj ls loZ lk/kkj.k dk eu eksg fy;k ¼12 ebZ 1666bZ-½ A os vkxjk ls vkSjaxts+c ds paxqy ls Hkkx fudys ¼izn’kZ la[;k 23½ A rhu o”kZ ckn 1670 bZ- esa ,d vR;Ur lQ+y vfHk;ku }kjk mUgksaus [kks, nqxZ iqu% izkIr dj fy, A

f’kokth dh ohjrkiw.kZ lHkh miyfC/k;kWa ;gkWa crkuk dfBu gS A vusd voljksa ij mUgksusa vksjks ds fy, cgknqjh] ‘kwjohjrk vkSj ln~xq.kksa ds mRd`”V mnkgj.k j[ks tSals mudh vQ+t+y [kkWa ds lkFk [k+rjukd HksaV ¼izn’kZ la[;k 7½ vFkok iq.ksa esa ‘kkbLrk[kkWa ij jkf=&vkØe.k ¼izn’kZ la[;k 10½] vkRe lEeku dh Hkkouk dk mnkgj.k tSlk mUgksaus eqx+y njckj esa vius xkSjoiw.kZ O;ogkj ls j[kk] vFkok mnkjrk dk tc mUgksaus ,d eqlyeku efgyk dks tks ;q) esa idM+h xbZ Fkh] lEeku iwoZd mlds ?kj fHktok fn;k ¼izn’kZ la- 13½] fouezrk dk tSlk muds lar rqdkjke vkSj leFkZ Lokeh jkenkl ds lkfu/; esa ifjyf{kr gksrk Fkk] vFkok iz’kklfud ;ksX;rk dk tks muds jkT; izcU/k ds ekSfyd fl)karks esa Li”V >ydrh Fkh] vkSj ,d vPNs fgUnw ‘kkld dk ftlds jkT; esa lHkh /keksZ o lEiznk;ksa ds yksxksa ds fy;s Lora=rk Fkh vkSj cjkcj dk lEeku izkIr Fkk A

1677 bZ- esa f’kokth dk d.kkZVd vfHk;ku ¼izn’kZ la- 50½ xksydq.Mk dh jkt/kkuh gSnjkckn esa mudk HkO;Lokx ¼izn’kZ la- 77½ mudk oSyksj igqaWpuk] 1674 bZ- esa N=ifr in xzg.k djuk] vusd vf/kdkfj;ksa ds inksa ds fy;s laLd`r dk iz;ksx] 400 ls vf/kd tgktksa ds csM+s dk fuekZ.k djuk] vkSj ;g rF; fd os ,d ek= fgUnw ‘kkld Fks tks u dsoy lQyrkiwoZd vkSjaxts+c ds fo:) yM+s] mUgksaus ,d cM+k jkT; Hkh LFkkfir dj fy;k] vkSj ;g lc mUgksaus viuh ;ksX;rk o cycwrs ij fd;k & ;s lc ,slh miyfC/k;ka gS tks vkt Hkh gekjs fy, izsj.kk dk L=ksr o ekxZn’kZd cu ldrh gS A mudk vR;Ur lQy vkSj vlk/kkj.k miyfC/k;ksa ls iw.kZ thou 13 vizsy 1680 bZ- dks ejkBk jkT; dh jkt/kkuh jk;x<+ esa muds LoxZokl ds lkFk lekIr gks x;k A

f’kokth us vusd u, nqxZ cuok, vkSj vusd nqxksZ dh ejEer djokbZ] jktLo O;oLFkk dks rdZ laxr cuk;k vkSj v”Biz/kku ds izR;sd ea=h dks fuf’pr ftEesnkjh lksaidj ,d vkn’kZ ‘kklu O;oLFkk LFkkfir dh A os le; ls cgqr vkxs Fks vkSj nwjnz”Vk Fks A mudk O;fDrxr thou cgqr lkQ lqFkjk Fkk vkSj mues mPp dksfV ds uSfrd xq.k Fks A dkykUrj es f’kokth ds ^^fgUnoh LojkT;** dk izHkko {ks= mRrj&if’pe esa vVd ¼vc ikfdLrku esa½ o iwoZ esa dVd rd QSy x;k vkSj ejkBs Hkkjr dh lokZf/kd ‘kfDr’kkyh ‘kfDr cu x, A f’kokth o muds iq= ‘kaHkkth ds ckn is’okvksa vkSj f’kans] gksydj] xk;dokM+ vkfn vU; ejkBk ljnkjks ds usr`Ro es ejkBk la?k dk vHkwriwoZ foLrkj gqvk A

gesa vk’kk gS fd vkidks ;g izn’kZuh ns[kus esa vkuUn dk vuqHko gqvk gksxk vkSj bldh Le`fr vkids o vkids ifjokj o cPpks ds fy, izsj.kk dk L=ksr jgsxh rFkk nSfud thou esa lkgl] fgEer] ekr`Hkwfe ds izfr leiZ.k dh Hkkouk o lsok Hkko dks izLQqfVr o iYyfor djrh jgsxh ftlls fd Hkkjr iqu% xkSjo ds f’k[kj ij igqWaps vkSj vki N=ifr f’kokth egkjkt ds xq.kksa dks vkRelkr dj lgh ek;us esa orZeku Hkkjr ds f’kokth cusa A

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A Hero for Modern India Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj

24 02 2008

vk/kqfud Hkkjr ds fy;s vkn’kZ egk uk;d N=ifr f’kokth egkjkt

^^D;k f’kokth ls Hkh c<+dj egkuk;d] muls Js”V HkDr vFkok ‘kkld gks ldrk gS\ f’kokth gekjs egku~ egkdkO;ksa ds tuekul esa izfrf”Br pfj=ksa ds leku Fks A os Hkkjrekrk ds vkn’kZ iq= vkSj jk”Vªh; psruk ds fo’kq) izfrfcEc Fks A mUgksaus yksxksa dks ;g crk;k fd vkus okys le; esa] tYn ;k nsj ls Hkh Hkkjr dk Lo:i D;k gksxk & ,d dsUnzh; ‘kfDr ds vUrxZr Lora= bdkbZ;ksa dk la?k**& Lokeh foosdkuUn

bl iznf’kZuh ds ek/;e ls Hkkjr ds bfrgkl esa f’kokth ds fof’k”B LFkku dks n’kkZus dk iz;kl fd;k x;k gS A ;g og le; Fkk tc fgUnqvksa ij ?kksj vR;kpkj gks jgs Fks] mUgsa vius gh ns’k esa vieku lguk iM+ jgk Fkk] mudh fL=;ksa dh lqj{kk lqfuf’pr ugh Fkh] mUgs xqyke cuk;k tk jgk Fkk] muds eafnj rksM+s tk jgs Fks] muds lkFk vusd izdkj dk HksnHkko cjrk tk jgk Fkk] muds /kkfeZd ioksZ o R;kSgkjksa ij ikcUnh yxk nh xbZ Fkh] eqx+y ‘kklu dh fgUnqvksa dks eqlyeku cukus dh uhfr ij [kqydj vey gks jgk Fkk] mu ij /kkfeZd dj ftft+;k yxk fn;k x;k Fkk vkSj ;g lc dqN gksrs gq, Hkh bldk [kqydj fojks/k djus dk dksbZ lkgl ugh tqVk ik jgk Fkk] tcfd ns’k esa fgUnqvksa dh la[;k 90% ls Hkh vf/kd Fkh A

,sls fodV le; esa f’kokth us] ftuesa vn~Hkqr ;ksX;rk vkSj nwjnf’kZrk Fkh] bl vU;k; iw.kZ O;ogkj ds fo:) la?k”kZ djus dk chM+k mBk;k ¼izn’kZ la- 3½ A f’kokth dk ,slk vn~Hkqr O;fDrRo Fkk fd lHkh NksVs&cM+s] lSfud&vlSfud] ifjfpr&vifjfpr muds iz’kald cu tkrs Fks vkSj muesa f’kokth ds izfr fu”Bk Lor% gh tkx`r gks tkrh Fkh A ^^LojkT;** LFkkfir djus ds vius dfBu mn~ns’; ds fy, mUgsa viuh ekrk thtkckbZ o larks ls izsj.kk izkIr gqbZ Fkh] ijUrq blds fy;s ;g vko’;d Fkk fd os fgUnqvksa dh lqIr vkRek o [kks, fo’okl dks txkosa vkSj mUgsa fn[kknsa fd eqx+yksa dh ‘kfDr dk lQyrkiwoZd izfrjks/k fd;k tk ldrk gS vkSj fonsf’k;ksa ds izHkqRo o eqfLye ‘kfDr;ksa ds fu;a=.k ls eqfDr gkfly dh tk ldrh gS A

f’kokth dks eqx+y ckn’kkgksa esa lcls ;ksX; ijUrq lkFk gh lcls dqfVy ‘kkld ls VDdj ysuh iM+h A bl izn’kZuh esa jax&fp=ksa] Ldsp] js[kkfp=ksa] ledkyhu nLrkost+kas o mu ij vk/kkfjr ys[kksaa ds ek/;e ls f’kokth dh Hkkjrh; bfrgkl esa vf}rh; Hkwfedk n’kkZus dk iz;Ru fd;k x;k gS vkSj og Hkwfedk Hkh ,sls le; esa Fkh tc os vdsys gh mu fouk’kdkjh izo`fRr;ksa ds f[kykQ tqV x, ftudk mn~ns’; Hkkjr dh lH;rk vkSj vk/;kfRedrk dks lnSo ds fy, feVk nsuk Fkk A okLro esa f’kokth dks gh bl ckr dk Js; tkrk gS fd if’peh o nf{k.k Hkkjr viuh igpku cpk ik, vkSj ejkBh o rkfey nksuksa gh bl ckr ds fy;s f’kokth o muds lSfudksa ds cfynku ds _.kh gS ftudh otg ls mudh le`) lkekftd] lkaLd`frd o /kkfeZd ijEijk,Wa cp ldha A mRrjh Hkkjr ds cM+s Hkkx ds ckjs esa ;g ckr ugha dgh tk ldrh tgkW 7oha&8oha ‘krkCnh esa vjc ns’k esa fu/kkZfjr ‘kfjvr ds funsZ’kksa dks Hkkjr esa 17 oha ‘krkCnh esa Fkksius dk iz;kl ,d ,sls ckn’kkg }kjk fd;k x;k tks blds n’kZu vkSj fl)kUrksa dk v{kj{k ikyu djus esa gh viuk /keZ ekurk Fkk A

;g izn’kZuh bl dkj.k Hkh le;ksfpr gS D;ksafd f’kokth esa os lc xq.k Fks tks bDdhloha ‘krkCnh ds Hkkjr es jktusrkvksa esa gksus pkfg;sa] vkSj ftudk vusd ckj muesa vHkko fn[kkbZ nsrk gS A f’kokth U;k;fiz;] nz.k fu’p;h vkSj fucZyksa ds j{kd Fks A os ;ksX; o bZekunkj iz’kkld Fks] os ‘k=q ds lkeus >qdus ds ctk; mldk lkeuk djrs Fks] os Hkkjr ekrk ds ije HkDr Fks] ftlesa mUgsa ekWa Hkokuh dk vkHkkl gksrk Fkk ¼izn’kZ la- 5½] os ‘k=q ds lkFk dBksj Fks ijUrq vU; ds lkFk] fo’ks”kdj fL=;ksa o cPpks ds izfr cgqr lân; Fks] os ladh.kZ /kkfeZd Hkkouk ls xzflr ugh Fks cfYd nksuks gh /keksZ ds lUrksa ds n’kZu ds fy, tkrs Fks vkSj fcuk fdlh HksnHkko ds efUnjks o efLtnksa ds j[kj[kko ds fy;s leqfpr O;oLFkk djrs Fks A

Hkkjr ds bl vuU; tu uk;d ds thou ds ckjs esa ;g izn’kZuh eqEcbZ QsDV }kjk vk;ksftr dh tk jgh gS A QsDV laLFkk u gh jktuhfr vkSj u gh fdlh /keZ vFkok xqV ls tqM+h gS A izkFkZuk gS fd f’kokth dh Hkkouk o ifo= vkRek iqu% Hkkjr esa Iyoeku gks vkSj ns’k dh mlds ‘k=qvksa ls j{kk djsa A

f’kokth dk tUe 10 vizy 1627 bZ- dks f’kousfj nqxZ ¼iq.ks ls 60 fdeh- mRrj½ esa gqvk Fkk A muds firk ‘kkgth Hkksalys o ekrk thtkckbZ us mudk uke f’kokth j[kk D;ksafd iq= izkfIr ds fy, mUgksaus LFkkuh; nsoh f’kokbZ ls izkFkZuk dh Fkh A ‘kkgth igys vgen uxj o ckn esa chtkiqj esa cM+s lkeUr jgs Fks A mudh tkxhj esa iwuk o caxyksj vkfn Fks A f’kokth o thtkckbZ iwuk dh tkxhj dh O;oLFkk laHkkyus ;gka vk x, A

vkjEHk esa ,d NksVs ls ^eaf=eaMy* ;k lykgdkj lfefr] ftlesa is’kok ‘kkejko uhydaB] et+qenkj ds in ij ckyd`”.k iUr] lcuhl j?kqukFk cYyky vkSj lksuksiar nkfcj Fks] ds ek/;e ls tkxhj dks O;ofLFkr djus dk dke ‘kq: fd;k x;k A 1644 bZ- es f’kokth us viuh tkxhj dk dke Lo;a laHkky fy;k vkSj bl izdkj ‘kq: gqvk ,d NksVs lsbykds ds ‘kkld ds :i esa f’kokth dk thou A thtkckbZ dh izsj.kk ls gh f’kokth es Lora=rk ds izfr izxk<+ yxko o ckgjh ‘kfDr;ksa dh v/khurk ds fo:) izcy Hkkouk tkx`r gqbZ A

16 o”kZ dh vk;q esa gh mUgksusa ,d Lora= fgUnw jkT; dh LFkkiuk djus dk iz.k fy;k A dqN le; ckn mUgksaus rksj.k nqxZ ij vf/kdkj dj fy;k tks chtkiqj ds vUrxZr Fkk vkSj 1647 bZ- es dksaM.k o jktx<+ nqxZ Hkh gLrxr dj fy;s rFkk iq.ksa ds vklikl ds {ks= ij iw.kZ LokfeRo LFkkfir dj fy;k A ‘kh?kz gh mUgksusa if’peh ?kkV o dksad.k ds rVorhZ bykdksa ij Hkh vf/kdkj dj fy;k vkSj chtkiqj dh lsuk dks iqjUnj ds fudV ijkftr fd;k A 1659 bZ- es mudh chtkiqj ds izeq[k lsukuk;d vQ+ty [kka ls ,sfrgkfld HksaV gqbZ ftlds rqjUr ckn mUgksaus chtkiqj dh lsuk dks ijkLr fd;k vkSj iUgkyk fdys rd ds {ks= ij vf/kdkj dj fy;k A 1659 bZ- esa mUgksaus chtkiqjh lsuk dks dksYgkiqj ds fudV iqu% ijkLr fd;k A 1660 bZ- esa ;|fi os iUgkyk esa cqjh rjg f?kj x, Fks ijUrq os ogkWa ls cp fudys ¼izn’kZ la- 8½ vkSj dqN fnu ckn iUgkyk ij mudk iqu% vf/kdkj vkSj chtkiqj ds lkFk ;q)&fojke gks x;k A vxys nks o”kksZ esa mUgksaus xqfjYyk&;q)&iz.kkyh }kjk chtkiqj vkSj eqx+yksa ds vusd bykdksa ij vf/kdkj dj fy;k ijUrq 1661&1663 bZ- es vusd foftr bykds muds gkFk ls fudy x, vkSj 1665 bZ- esa f’kokth us fLFkfr dks ns[krs gq, vkSjaxts+c ds lqizfl) lsukuk;d vkesj ds egkjktk t;flag ds lkFk iqjUnj dh laf/k dj yh A ¼izn’kZ la[;k 14½ A os vkxjk tkus ds fy, Hkh rS;kj gks x, tgkWa mUgksaus eqx+y njckj esa vius xkSjoiw.kZ O;ogkj ls loZ lk/kkj.k dk eu eksg fy;k ¼12 ebZ 1666bZ-½ A os vkxjk ls vkSjaxts+c ds paxqy ls Hkkx fudys ¼izn’kZ la[;k 23½ A rhu o”kZ ckn 1670 bZ- esa ,d vR;Ur lQ+y vfHk;ku }kjk mUgksaus [kks, nqxZ iqu% izkIr dj fy, A

f’kokth dh ohjrkiw.kZ lHkh miyfC/k;kWa ;gkWa crkuk dfBu gS A vusd voljksa ij mUgksusa vksjks ds fy, cgknqjh] ‘kwjohjrk vkSj ln~xq.kksa ds mRd`”V mnkgj.k j[ks tSals mudh vQ+t+y [kkWa ds lkFk [k+rjukd HksaV ¼izn’kZ la[;k 7½ vFkok iq.ksa esa ‘kkbLrk[kkWa ij jkf=&vkØe.k ¼izn’kZ la[;k 10½] vkRe lEeku dh Hkkouk dk mnkgj.k tSlk mUgksaus eqx+y njckj esa vius xkSjoiw.kZ O;ogkj ls j[kk] vFkok mnkjrk dk tc mUgksaus ,d eqlyeku efgyk dks tks ;q) esa idM+h xbZ Fkh] lEeku iwoZd mlds ?kj fHktok fn;k ¼izn’kZ la- 13½] fouezrk dk tSlk muds lar rqdkjke vkSj leFkZ Lokeh jkenkl ds lkfu/; esa ifjyf{kr gksrk Fkk] vFkok iz’kklfud ;ksX;rk dk tks muds jkT; izcU/k ds ekSfyd fl)karks esa Li”V >ydrh Fkh] vkSj ,d vPNs fgUnw ‘kkld dk ftlds jkT; esa lHkh /keksZ o lEiznk;ksa ds yksxksa ds fy;s Lora=rk Fkh vkSj cjkcj dk lEeku izkIr Fkk A

1677 bZ- esa f’kokth dk d.kkZVd vfHk;ku ¼izn’kZ la- 50½ xksydq.Mk dh jkt/kkuh gSnjkckn esa mudk HkO;Lokx ¼izn’kZ la- 77½ mudk oSyksj igqaWpuk] 1674 bZ- esa N=ifr in xzg.k djuk] vusd vf/kdkfj;ksa ds inksa ds fy;s laLd`r dk iz;ksx] 400 ls vf/kd tgktksa ds csM+s dk fuekZ.k djuk] vkSj ;g rF; fd os ,d ek= fgUnw ‘kkld Fks tks u dsoy lQyrkiwoZd vkSjaxts+c ds fo:) yM+s] mUgksaus ,d cM+k jkT; Hkh LFkkfir dj fy;k] vkSj ;g lc mUgksaus viuh ;ksX;rk o cycwrs ij fd;k & ;s lc ,slh miyfC/k;ka gS tks vkt Hkh gekjs fy, izsj.kk dk L=ksr o ekxZn’kZd cu ldrh gS A mudk vR;Ur lQy vkSj vlk/kkj.k miyfC/k;ksa ls iw.kZ thou 13 vizsy 1680 bZ- dks ejkBk jkT; dh jkt/kkuh jk;x<+ esa muds LoxZokl ds lkFk lekIr gks x;k A

f’kokth us vusd u, nqxZ cuok, vkSj vusd nqxksZ dh ejEer djokbZ] jktLo O;oLFkk dks rdZ laxr cuk;k vkSj v”Biz/kku ds izR;sd ea=h dks fuf’pr ftEesnkjh lksaidj ,d vkn’kZ ‘kklu O;oLFkk LFkkfir dh A os le; ls cgqr vkxs Fks vkSj nwjnz”Vk Fks A mudk O;fDrxr thou cgqr lkQ lqFkjk Fkk vkSj mues mPp dksfV ds uSfrd xq.k Fks A dkykUrj es f’kokth ds ^^fgUnoh LojkT;** dk izHkko {ks= mRrj&if’pe esa vVd ¼vc ikfdLrku esa½ o iwoZ esa dVd rd QSy x;k vkSj ejkBs Hkkjr dh lokZf/kd ‘kfDr’kkyh ‘kfDr cu x, A f’kokth o muds iq= ‘kaHkkth ds ckn is’okvksa vkSj f’kans] gksydj] xk;dokM+ vkfn vU; ejkBk ljnkjks ds usr`Ro es ejkBk la?k dk vHkwriwoZ foLrkj gqvk A

gesa vk’kk gS fd vkidks ;g izn’kZuh ns[kus esa vkuUn dk vuqHko gqvk gksxk vkSj bldh Le`fr vkids o vkids ifjokj o cPpks ds fy, izsj.kk dk L=ksr jgsxh rFkk nSfud thou esa lkgl] fgEer] ekr`Hkwfe ds izfr leiZ.k dh Hkkouk o lsok Hkko dks izLQqfVr o iYyfor djrh jgsxh ftlls fd Hkkjr iqu% xkSjo ds f’k[kj ij igqWaps vkSj vki N=ifr f’kokth egkjkt ds xq.kksa dks vkRelkr dj lgh ek;us esa orZeku Hkkjr ds f’kokth cusa A





The Shivaji Fact Award

10 02 2008

The Shivaji Fact Award

FACT has instituted an annual Shivaji FACT award of Courage, given to person(s) / Institutions who have embodied Shivaji’s virtues of courage, fearlessness, devotion to Mother India, respect for all. The first one will be awarded by HH Sri Sri Ravi Shankar on the 12th of March in Mumbai when he opens the Shivaji conference/exhibition.
Shivaji, was endowed with talents of the highest order and a clear vision, the only one who stood-up to the injustice. He had also an inspiring and endearing personality which spontaneously commanded respect, loyalty and the highest sacrifices from his devoted soldiery and peasants.

Shivaji is relevant today because embodied all the qualities that politicians should possess, but do not always have: he was just, firm and stood for the weak; he was an honest and able administrator; he confronted the enemy and was not cowed into submission; he was devoted to Mother India, who appeared to him as Bhavani; he was ruthless with his enemies, but spared women, children and his own people; he had respect for all religions.


12th March, 4 PM, Ravindra Natya Mandir, Mumbai
Award bestowed by His Holiness Sri Sri Ravi Shankar
In the presence of Shri Uddhav Thackeray, Shri Narendra
Modi & Shri Gopinath Munde